A landscape architect preferences on border elements at green open spaces during Covid-19 pandemic
Main Article Content
Green open space has many benefits for humans. Unfortunately, the function of green open space cannot be fully felt due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Even though the application of physical distancing in the garden can be created through the use of garden border elements. As a first step in determining good and effective elements, this study aims to explore the preferences of garden designers in selecting garden border elements, their shapes, and arrangements to maintain the distance between garden users. This research is a perceptual research using a survey method obtained through distributing questionnaires and processed by quantitative descriptive and chi-square test. As for the results obtained in this study, garden designers agree that the border element is an effective way that can be used to implement physical distancing in public parks. Although, in general, garden designers prefer hardscape over softscapes as a border element, there are different preferences for the type of hardscape and softscape used. Garden designers prefer fences, portable benches> 2m apart and concrete construction as a hardscape barrier that can be applied to gardens that have been built. Meanwhile, the selection of softscape in the garden that has been built tends to use flowering shrubs as a border element. The conclusion of this study is the preference for material selection that is different in terms of functionality and aesthetics is caused by the pandemic
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Asyary, Al, and Meita Veruswati. 2020. ‘Sunlight Exposure Increased Covid-19 Recovery Rates: A Study in the Central Pandemic Area of Indonesia’. Science of The Total Environment 729 (August): 139016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139016.
Atkinson, James, Chartier Yves, Carmen Lucia Pessoa-Silva, Paul Jensen, Yuguo Li, and Wing-Hong Seto, eds. 2009. Natural Ventilation for Infection Control in Health-Care Settings. Canbera: WHO. https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/natural_ventilation.pdf.
Blair, Dorothy. 2009. ‘The Child in the Garden: An Evaluative Review of the Benefits of School Gardening’. The Journal of Environmental Education 40 (2): 15–38. https://doi.org/10.3200/JOEE.40.2.15-38.
Cameron, Ross W.F., Tijana Blanuša, Jane E. Taylor, Andrew Salisbury, Andrew J. Halstead, Béatrice Henricot, and Ken Thompson. 2012. ‘The Domestic Garden – Its Contribution to Urban Green Infrastructure’. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 11 (2): 129–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2012.01.002.
Creswell, John W., and J. David Creswell. 2018. Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 4th ed. New Delhi: SAGE Publications.
Durham. 2020. ‘Community & Allotment Gardens During COVID-19’. https://www.durham.ca/en/health-and-wellness/resources/Documents/IllnessInfectionDisease/FactsAbout/Novel-Coronavirus-Community-And-Allotment-Gardens.pdf.
Elviana, Eva, Sri Suryani, and Wiwik Dwi Susanti. 2018. ‘Elemen Pembentuk Ruang Terbuka Di Lingkungan Perumahan Sederhana’. JURNAL ENVIROTEK 8 (2). http://ejournal.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/envirotek/article/view/949.
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 2020. ‘Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning Systems in the Context of COVID-19’. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 2020. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/heating-ventilation-air-conditioning-systems-covid-19.
Hasim, Irfan S., Bayyild Rizqan Syarif, Darel Raydar, and Abiel F. A. 2015. ‘Rancangan Elemen, Sistem Sirkulasi, Dan Tata Hijau Lanskap Pada Lahan Kontur Di Hotel Padma Bandung’. Jurnal Rekakarsa 3 (1): 1–12. https://ejurnal.itenas.ac.id/index.php/rekakarsa/article/view/631/1064.
Honey-Rosés, Jordi, Isabelle Anguelovski, Vincent K. Chireh, Carolyn Daher, Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch, Jill S. Litt, Vrushti Mawani, et al. 2020. ‘The Impact of COVID-19 on Public Space: An Early Review of the Emerging Questions – Design, Perceptions and Inequities’. Cities & Health, July, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1780074.
Hu, Chih-Pei, and Yan-Yi Chang. 2017. ‘John W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches’. Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences 4 (2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1453/jsas.v4i2.1313.
Kar, Sitanshu Sekhar, and Archana Ramalingam. 2013. ‘Is 30 the Magic Number? Issues in Sample Size Estimation’. National Journal of Community Medicine 4 (1): 175–79. http://www.njcmindia.org/uploads/4-1_175-179.pdf.
Katz, Hannah. 2020. ‘Crisis Gardening: Addressing Barriers to Home Gardening during the COVID-19 Pandemic’. United States. https://sustain.org.au/media/blog/Crisis-Gardening-Addressing-Barriers-to-Home-Gardening-during-the-COVID-19-Pandemic.-.pdf.
Kurniawan, Andri, Nibrasatul Yumna, and Erna Tantri. 2020. ‘Resistensi Ruang Publik Di Tengah Covid-19 Perspektif Islam Dan Komunikasi Multikultural’. KOMUNIKE 12 (1): 24–40. https://doi.org/10.20414/jurkom.v12i1.2253.
Kurniawan, Hendra, and Rizki Alfian. 2010. ‘Konsep Pemilihan Vegetasi Lansekap Pada Taman Lingkungan Di Bunderan Waru Surabaya’. BUANA SAINS 10 (2): 181–88. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33366/bs.v10i2.210.
Malek, Nurhayati Abdul, Manohar Mariapan, Mustafa Kamal Mohd Shariff, and Azlizam Aziz. 2010. ‘Assessing the Quality of Green Open Spaces: A Review’. In Healthy Parks Healthy People. HPHPcentral. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236941777_Assessing_the_Quality_of_Green_Open_Spaces_A_review.
Mejia, Angie, Manami Bhattacharya, Amanda Nigon-Crowley, Kelly Kirkpatrick, and Chandi Katoch. 2020. ‘Community Gardening during Times of Crisis: Recommendations for Community-Engaged Dialogue, Research, and Praxis’. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, October, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2020.101.006.
Nirmalasari, Dindha, Irma H. Lubis, and Hanson Endra Kusuma. 2017. ‘Hubungan Preferensi Material Dinding Rumah Dengan Nilai Ekologis’. In SMART #2 - Seminar on Architecture Research & Technology: Energy Efficient for Sustainable Living. Yogyakarta: Program Studi Arsitektur Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana Yogyakarta. https://smartfad.ukdw.ac.id/index.php/smart/article/view/76/59.
North Carolina State University. 2020. ‘Community Garden Guidelines during The Covid-19 Pandemic’. California.
Schuit, Michael, Shanna Ratnesar-Shumate, Jason Yolitz, Gregory Williams, Wade Weaver, Brian Green, David Miller, et al. 2020. ‘Airborne SARS-CoV-2 Is Rapidly Inactivated by Simulated Sunlight’. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 222 (4): 564–71. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa334.
Setyabudi, Irawan, Wahidyanti Rahayu Hastutiningtyas, and Maria Nelde Olo. 2017. ‘Konsep Aksesbilitas Dan Vegetasi Pada Taman Bermain Anak Difabel Di SLB-C Lawang’. BUANA SAINS 17 (1): 65. https://doi.org/10.33366/bs.v17i1.579.
Siegel, Sidney. 1986. Statistik Nonparametrik Untuk Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Simond, John Ormsbee, and Barry Starke. 2006. Landscape Architecture: A Manual Of Environmental Planning and Design. 4th ed. United States of America: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Sukawi. 2008. ‘Taman Kota Dan Upaya Pengurangan Suhu Lingkungan Perkotaan (Studi Kasus Kota Semarang)’. In Peran Arsitektur Perkotaan Dalam Mewujudkan Kota Tropis. Semarang: UNDIP. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/973/2/Taman_Kota_dan_Upaya_Pengurangan_Suhu_Lingkungan_Perkotaan-fix.pdf.
Tarakçı Eren, Emine, Tuğba Düzenli, and Elif Merve Alpak. 2018. ‘Plants That Are Used as Border Elements and Their Modes of Employment: KTU Campus Example’. Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, September, 108–20. https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.344949.
The Horticultural Trades Association. 2020. ‘HTA Safe Trading Guidance’. United Kingdom. https://hta.org.uk/uploads/assets/bd8b34da-0289-45de-a120147de703aeeb/73c60a1c-2ad5-41d3-bc59dfcc211472d4/HTA-Safe-Trading-Guidance.pdf.